英文のニュースを読んで勉強でき、音声を聞いて英語を身に着けられる一粒で二度美味しいVoice of Americaより、今日はフロリダ州でのちょっとした教育制度の見直しを紹介したい。 英文タイトルは、"Florida to Require High School Students to Declare a Major"その名のとおり、日本で言う中学２年の段階で生徒達に自分の興味がある学問の分野について申請させ、その後の４年間（日本で言う高校卒業まで）、学生本人に適した勉強をさせるというもの。 日本で言う普通高校に少々実業高校の分野を組み込んだ内容を、中学３年から高校３年までの４年間で教育し、実際に就職等をしても役立つ内容にすれば学生達も真剣に取り組むだろう、という州政府の考え方。 もちろんこれには賛否両論があって、とりわけ大学進学率が低く高校も途中で中退する生徒が後を立たない同地区では高校での歩留まりを高めるだろうと言う賛成派と、大学生でさえ入学後に自分の選択間違いに気づいて学部を変更する学生が後を絶たないのに、１４歳の時点で自分がやりたい学問が決まるだろうか、という反対論もあるが・・・。
In light of your failure to elect a competent President of the USA and thus to govern yourselves, we hereby give notice of the revocation of your independence, effective immediately. Her Sovereign Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II, will resume monarchical duties over all states, commonwealths and other territories (excepting Kansas, which she does not fancy).
Your new prime minister, Tony Blair, will appoint a governor for America without the need for further elections. Congress and the Senate will be disbanded. A questionnaire may be circulated next year to determine whether any of you noticed.
To aid in the transition to a British Crown Dependency, the following rules are introduced with immediate effect:
1. You should look up "revocation" in the Oxford English Dictionary. Then look up "aluminium," and check the pronunciation guide. You will be amazed at just how wrongly you have been pronouncing it.
cut back on: reduce, shrink retreat from: move back written a) to move away from someone or something: cocoon: to protect or surround someone or something completely, especially so that they feel safe rat race:(INFORMAL) A difficult, tiring, often competitive activity or routine. upscale:(American English)relating to people from a high social class who have a lot of money [= upmarket British English] flagship:[usually singular] the best and most important product, building etc that a company owns or produces: comfy:(INFORMAL)comfortable:
'If you want to make enemies, try to change something.' -Woodrow Wilson (28th U.S. President, political scientist, and educator, 1856 - 1924)
marshal: an officer of yhe highest rank in an army or airforce inadvertently: without realizing what you are doing decline: to refuse to do something deploy: to organize people or things, especialy soldiers, military equipment etc. disguise: to change someone's appearance so that they look like someone else and people cannnot recognize them
ニュースを文字で読み内容を音声で聞いて学習できるサイト、Voice of Americaから今日ご紹介するニュースは、アメリカのウォルマートストアでは有機食品の売り上げが伸びている、と言う話題。 英題は"More Organic Foods at Wal-Mart Stores"。実際に記事を読んでみたい方は、http://www.voanews.com/specialenglish/2006-05-22-voa2.cfmをご覧下さい。
organic:farmingTA relating to farming or gardening methods of growing food without using artificial chemicals, or produced or grown by these methods: produce:food or other things that have been grown or produced on a farm to be sold dispute:to say that something such as a fact or idea is not correct or true: genetically engineered:genetically modified foods or plants have had their genetic structure changed so that they are not affected by particular diseases or harmful insects antibiotics:a drug that is used to kill bacteria and cure infections
As the crowded airliner is about to take off, the peace is shattered by a five-year-old boy who picks that moment to throw a wild temper tantrum. No matter what his frustrated, embarrassed mother does to try to calm him down, the boy continues to scream furiously and kick the seats around him.
Suddenly, from the rear of the plane, an elderly man in the uniform of an Air Force General is seen slowly walking forward up the aisle. Stopping the flustered mother with an upraised hand, the white-haired, courtly, soft-spoken General leans down and, motioning toward his chest, whispers something into the boy's ear. Instantly, the boy calms down, gently takes his mother's hand, and quietly fastens his seat belt.
All the other passengers burst into spontaneous applause. As the General slowly makes his way back to his seat, one of the cabin attendants touches his sleeve.
"Excuse me, General," she asks quietly, "but could I ask you what magic words you used on that little boy?"
The old man smiles serenely and gently confides, "I showed him my pilot's wings, service stars, and battle ribbons, and explained that they entitle me to throw one passenger out the plane door, on any flight I choose."
happy hour: A period of time, usually in late afternoon and early evening, during which a bar or lounge features drinks at reduced prices. knock back:(INFORMAL)To gulp (an alcoholic drink). raise hell: object strongly; make a stink [only before noun] law aggravated: an aggravated offence is one in which a criminal does something that makes their original crime more serious: synthetic: produced by combining different artificial substances, rather than being naturally produced: drowsy: tired and almost asleep [= sleepy]:
"Children begin by loving their parents; as they grow older they judge them; sometimes they forgive them." - Oscar Wilde (Irish poet, playwright and novelist, 1854 - 1900)
今日は毎週のサークル活動で使っているロイターのニュースから、印象深かった記事をご紹介したい。 「賢くなくったって有名になりたい！」ロンドン発１月半ばのニュース。英文タイトルは、"Rather be famous than brainy?" 最近実施されたイギリスの若者向けの世論調査の結果、約10%もの子供たちが一生懸命勉強して知識や技術を身につけるよりは、スターになって目立つ方が手っ取り早い収入を得る方法だと思っている、との事。 狭い日本と言う社会の中で生活してばかりいると、ついつい最近の日本はダメだとか、若い人たちの考え方はダメだ、とか思ってしまうが、現実には洋の東西を問わず最近の風潮は似たり寄ったりと言うところ。 しかしながらそれを目指した人のうち実際に脚光を浴びる人の割合が極めて低い事は、イギリスの文部省も指摘している。
brainy: able to learn easily and think quickly (= clever,smart) publicist: someone whose job is to make sure that people know about a new product, film, book etc or what a famous person is doing be litter with something: if something is littered with things, there are a lot of those things in it (= be full of something) revelation: a surprising fact about someone or something that was previously secret and is now made known long/short odds: high or low numbers, that show a high or low risk of losing fleeting: lasting for only a short time (=brief) wannabe:(INFORMAL) someone who tries to look or behave like someone famous or like a particular type of successful person, because they want to be like them usually used to show disapproval (=want to be)
ニュースを読んで音声で聞いて英語を学べるお得なサイト、Voice of Americaから気になった情報をご紹介！ 今日のニュースの英字タイトルは、"Blogs Help Teachers Learn From Each Other"「ブログにはまるアメリカ人教師たち！」 最近はアメリカでも簡単に格安に個人のブログを開設することができ、とりわけ教師たちの間でブログを立ち上げ、そこにコメントを書き込みあうことで自分たちの抱える問題点を解決しようとしている。 インターネットの世界と言えば機密漏洩やセキュリティーの問題から、かつては二の足を踏む教師が多かったが、最近では多数の教師がネットの世界に登場し自らや同僚たちを偽名で紹介している。
further:to help something progress or be successful [= promote] story-telling: Being accustomed to tell stories. dispute:to say that something such as a fact or idea is not correct or true: reinforce: to give support to an opinion, idea, or feeling, and make it stronger
Three sons left home, started careers and prospered. Getting back together, they discussed the gifts that they were able to give their elderly mother for her seventieth birthday. The first said, "I built a big house for Mom."
The second said, "I sent her a Mercedes with a driver."
The third smiled and said, "I've got you both beat. You know how Mom enjoys the Bible and you know she can't see very well. I sent her a brown parrot that can recite the entire Bible. It took 20 monks in a monastery 12 years to teach him. I had to pledge to contribute $100,000 a year for 10 years, but it was worth it. Mom just has to name the chapter and verse and the parrot will recite it."
Soon thereafter, Mom sent out letters of thanks:
She wrote to the first son, "Milton, the house you built is not practical. I live in only one room, but I have to heat, cool, and clean the whole house."
She wrote to the second son, "Marvin, I am too old to travel. I stay home all the time, so I never use the Mercedes. And the driver is so rude!"
She wrote the third son, "Dearest Melvin, you were the only son to have the good sense to know what your mother likes. The chicken was delicious."
bushed: tired, exhausted, beat and all that: and all the rest (of it), and so on and so forth, whatnot sturdy: someone who is sturdy is strong, short, and healthy looking [= stocky]: uptight:(INFORMAL) behaving in an angry way because you are feeling nervous and worried respite: a short period of time before you have to do something that you do not like: slack off: to make less effort than usual, or to be lazy in your work:
'The family you come from isn't as important as the family you're going to have.' -Ring Lardner (U.S. humorist and short-story writer, 1885 - 1933)
nestle:(LITERARY) to be surrounded by something, especially hills or or countryside belly:(LITERARY) a curved or rounded part of an object deprive somebody of something: to prevent someone from having something, especially something that they need or should have skepticism: an attitude of doubting that paticular claims or statements are true or that something will happen saw:(AMERICAN ENGLISH) to cut something using a saw
そんな英国人社長が今回の会議で頻繁に使っていたお役立ち表現！ presume:[transitive] to think that something is true, although you are not certain [= assume]:
One afternoon, a wealthy lawyer was riding in the back of his limousine when he saw two men eating grass by the road-side. He ordered his driver to stop, and he got out to investigate. "Why are you eating grass?" he asked one man. "We don't have any money for food," the poor man replied. "Oh, well, you can come with me to my house," instructed the lawyer. "But, sir, I have a wife and two children with me!" "Bring them along!" replied the lawyer. He turned to the other man and said: "You come with us, too." "But I have a wife and six children," the second man answered. "Bring them as well" replied the lawyer. They all climbed into the car, which was no easy task, even for a car as large as the limousine. Once underway, one of the poor fellows says: "Sir you are too kind. Thank you for taking all of us with you." The lawyer replied: "Glad to do it. You'll love my place; the grass is almost a foot tall."
COLA: cost-of-living adjustment offset: if something such as a cost or amount offsets another cost or amount, the two things have an opposite effect and so the situation remains the same cringe: to move back or away from someone or something, especially because you are afraid or in pain brawn: physical strength, especially when compared with intelligence BA: Bachelor of Arts resourceful: good at finding ways of dealing with practical problems
Maturity is the ability to live with ambiguity. - Sigmund Freud (Austrian Psychiatrist, 1856 - 1939)
久方ぶりにＶＯＡからニュースを一件ご紹介！５月３日付のニュースは "Maryland Educator Is Named National Teacher of the Year"という英題で、メリーランド州の幼稚園の女教師が今年の国内最優秀教師賞を、その州で始めて受賞したことが紹介されていた。 詳しい記事をご覧になりたい方は、以下のサイトをご覧いただきたい。 http://www.voanews.com/specialenglish/2006-05-03-voa4.cfm （ナレーション付きで聞き取りの練習もでき、お役立ちのサイト！）
revere:(FORMAL) to respect and admire someone or something very much garrison: a group of soldiers living in a town or FORT and defending it secularist: a system of social organization that does not allow religion to influence the government, or the belief that religion should not influence a government dominate: to control someone or something or to have more importance than other people or things judiciary:(FORMAL) all the judges in a country who, as a group, form part of the system of government agenda: the ideas that a political party thinks are important and the things that party aims to achieve
Three tourists were traveling in South America: an Irishman, a Frenchman and a blond American. They all found themselves in a bar in a small Latin American country which was ruled by a strict dictator. As luck would have it, they got into an argument and a bar fight soon started. The local military police arrived and arrested them. At their trial before a tribunal, they learned their luck was even worse than they had thought. The bar was owned by the brother of the dictator. The three of them were promptly sentenced to five years in solitary confinement.
Before they were taken away to prison, the judge said, "You are foreigners to our country. I will grant you each one favor. You may choose one item to help you pass the time in our prison. What do you wish for?"
The Irishman asked for a five years supply of fine Irish whiskey. The Frenchman asked for a five year supply of fine French wine. The blond American requests a five year supply of cigarettes. The judge grants all three requests. The three were led off to prison and thrown into individual cells down in the dark, damp basement of the prison.
Five years later they were let out one by one. First the Irishman was released. He staggered out, drunk, barely able to stand, and quickly stumbled out of the prison without saying a word. The Frenchman was released next. He swaggered out, rather drunk himself, and walked out into freedom. The blond American was released last. He stepped out into freedom and said, "Does anyone have a %&$*&@# match?"
injunction: an order given by a court which tells someone not to do something sexual orientation: the fact that someone is heterosexual or homosexual detrimental:(FORMAL) causing harm or damage(=damaging) dissent: a statement by a judge giving their reasons for disagreeing with the other judges in a law case